How to Treat Dark Spots & Discolourations

How to Treat Dark Spots & Discolourations

Dark spots or hyperpigmentation on the skin is a common issue that affects people of all skin tones. Learn more about the causes of dark spots and skin discolourations, and how you can help to visibly reduce existing marks while also prevent new ones from forming.

What are dark spots?

Dark spots, are discolourations that can commonly occur on the face, neck, hands, chest, and other parts of the body. They typically take on the same texture as your skin, with their colour changing depending on skin tone. Dark spots can range from light brown to darker brown, and in some cases, they may also appear blue or grey.1

What causes dark spots to form?

When skin is irritated or damaged in some way, it can be triggered to produce excess melanin or pigment. This excess melanin is what causes skin discolourations. The two primary causes of dark spots are:

  • Skin irritation or damage
  • Prolonged sun exposure, or UV damage

What is hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that occurs when an overproduction of melanin causes parts of the skin to discolour. A common type of hyperpigmentation is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation which occurs when the skin produces excess melanin after becoming damaged or inflamed. This type of discolouration is common in those suffering from acne, where healed acne scars on the skin can appear slightly darker than the skin around them.

How does the sun cause dark spots and discolourations?

As well as resulting in sunburnt skin and the creation of fine lines, overexposure to UV can also cause dark spots, also known as sun spots or age spots. Going into the sun without adequate protection can also work to deepen existing dark spots.2 Using a broad-spectrum facial sunscreen whenever you’re planning on being out in the sun is vital. This will protect your skin from damaging UV rays, and prevent dark spots from forming.

How do post-acne marks cause dark spots on skin?

Dark spots can occur after your skin has had to deal with irritation or inflammation. The most common cause of skin irritation is acne, with dark spots and marks appearing even after skin has cleared. If you suffer from pimples or acne, treat it quickly, and avoid picking or scratching. Agitating your skin may increase the likelihood of dark spots appearing once acne has cleared.

How can you help prevent dark spots?

There are a number of preventative measures you can take to minimise the risk of dark spots developing:

  • To protect your skin against damaging UV rays, apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen everyday, even when it’s cloudy. While an immediate effect may not be obvious, this preventative measure will not only help to reduce the formation of fine lines and wrinkles, but also the appearance of dark spots over time.
  • The longer acne or pimples persist, the greater the risk of dark spots forming, mainly due to the irritation this causes skin. This can be made worse by the severity and longevity of your breakouts. Using a spot treatment that contains salicylic acid can help reduce your breakouts, ensuring that your skin stays bright and clear. Using treatments that contain salicylic acid or vitamin C can work to diminish dark spots and significantly reduce visibility.

How do you treat dark spots and discolourations?

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Using sun protection is a key step in preventing new dark spots from appearing, while also ensuring existing spots don’t become darker. Reducing the visibility of existing spots can be sped up with the use of specifically designed brightening skincare products. These products can be incorporated into skincare routines and work to brighten skin tone, lessening the severity of existing hyperpigmentation. Additionally, it is recommended to avoid excess exfoliation, as this may irritate the skin causing more dark spots to appear.

What are the best skincare ingredients to help fade dark spots and discolourations?

There are various ingredients that are known for improving skin discolouration to look out for when on the hunt for pigmentation-brightening products.

Activated C, a derivative of vitamin C, helps to decrease the skin’s melanin production, as well as prevent the formulation of new melanin clusters and slow down the transfer to the skin’s surface. 3 This helps minimise the chance of visible discolourations forming, while keeping existing marks at bay. Activated C penetrates and stays in the skin longer than regular vitamin C, making it the perfect ingredient for treating dark spots. This effective ingredient can be found within the Kiehl’s Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot Solution to aid in skin clarification and treatment against dark spots and discolouration.

Other ingredients to look out for in brightening skincare products include white birch extract, peony extract, and liquorice root extract - which all help to enhance clarity and luminosity in the skin.

What is the best skincare routine for dark spots?

To fight uneven skin tone, follow a skincare routine specifically tailored to achieve a bright, blemish-free complexion.

  • Start your routine by using a gentle exfoliating face wash like the Brightening & Exfoliating Daily Cleanser from the Clearly Corrective range. Enriched with white birch and peony extract, it works to remove impurities and brighten skin tone.
  • After cleansing, lightly pat a soothing water such as the Brightening & Soothing Treatment Water from the Clearly Corrective collection, onto skin. This product will work to refine skin texture and dullness for enhanced clarity, while also offering a boost of hydration for a healthy-looking glow.
  • Treat any existing dark spots you may have with a concentrated serum like the Clearly Corrective Dark Spot Solution, or a Clarity Booster Mask to really target the intensity of your dark spots, boosting an even skin tone.
  • Next, gently massage a hydrating and brightening moisturiser into skin. Opt for the Brightening & Smoothing Moisture Treatment from the Kiehl’s Clearly Corrective range for a formula that offers 24h hydration, as well as visibly reduced discolouration.
  • Finally, finish your routine with remembering to always apply sunscreen to help prevent new dark spots from forming. The Ultra Light Daily UV Defense CC Cream is suitable for all skin types and offers an effective quick-absorbing and non-comedogenic formula.

Best Kiehl’s Products for Dark Spots

Designed to fight dark spots and encourage optimal skin clarity, Kiehl’s Dermatologist Solutions™ Clearly Corrective™ collection will help visibly brighten skin and target dark spots.

Eliminate hyperpigmentation with a Dark Spot Corrector Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot Solution.

To proactively combat dark spots and discolourations, a targeted serum is essential. Formulated with known brightening ingredients like activated C, white birch extract, and peony extract, the Kiehl’s serum for dark spots is scientifically proven* to reduce the appearance of sunspots, improve clarity, even skin tone, and reduce the appearance of post-acne marks. For best results, the Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot Solution can be used morning and evening.

*Based on a 12-week scientific study of 17 women with all skin types presented with mild to moderate severity of attributes, including post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Target Skin Discolourations with a Face Mask for Dark Spots Clearly Corrective™ Clarity Booster Hydration Mask

The Clearly Corrective™ Clarity Booster Hydration Mask has been formulated with equivalent concentrations of key brightening ingredients used within the Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot Solution.

After only 15 minutes, skin clarity is boosted, with dark spots and discolourations visibly reduced with prolonged use.

Treat dark spots with Kiehl’s Dermatologist Solutions™ Clearly Corrective™ collection, designed to brighten skin and visibly target discolouration. Shop the full range today.

SOURCES
  1. “How to fade dark spots in skin of color.” American Academy of Dermatology Association. https://www.aad.org/public/skin-hair-nails/skin-care/skin-of-color.
  2. Vashi, N.A. and R.V. Kundu. “Facial hyperpigmentation: causes and treatment.” British Journal of Dermatology. (2013).
  3. Hollinger, Jasmine C., MD, Angra, Kunal, MD, and Rebat M. Halter, MD. “Are Natural Ingredients Effective in the Management of Hyperpigmentation? A Systematic Review.” The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology. (2018): 11(2): 28-37.
How to Treat Dark Spots & Discolourations

How to Treat Dark Spots & Discolourations

Dark spots or hyperpigmentation on the skin is a common issue that affects people of all skin tones. Learn more about the causes of dark spots and skin discolourations, and how you can help to visibly reduce existing marks while also prevent new ones from forming.

What are dark spots?

Dark spots, are discolourations that can commonly occur on the face, neck, hands, chest, and other parts of the body. They typically take on the same texture as your skin, with their colour changing depending on skin tone. Dark spots can range from light brown to darker brown, and in some cases, they may also appear blue or grey.1

What causes dark spots to form?

When skin is irritated or damaged in some way, it can be triggered to produce excess melanin or pigment. This excess melanin is what causes skin discolourations. The two primary causes of dark spots are:

  • Skin irritation or damage
  • Prolonged sun exposure, or UV damage

What is hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition that occurs when an overproduction of melanin causes parts of the skin to discolour. A common type of hyperpigmentation is post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation which occurs when the skin produces excess melanin after becoming damaged or inflamed. This type of discolouration is common in those suffering from acne, where healed acne scars on the skin can appear slightly darker than the skin around them.

How does the sun cause dark spots and discolourations?

As well as resulting in sunburnt skin and the creation of fine lines, overexposure to UV can also cause dark spots, also known as sun spots or age spots. Going into the sun without adequate protection can also work to deepen existing dark spots.2 Using a broad-spectrum facial sunscreen whenever you’re planning on being out in the sun is vital. This will protect your skin from damaging UV rays, and prevent dark spots from forming.

How do post-acne marks cause dark spots on skin?

Dark spots can occur after your skin has had to deal with irritation or inflammation. The most common cause of skin irritation is acne, with dark spots and marks appearing even after skin has cleared. If you suffer from pimples or acne, treat it quickly, and avoid picking or scratching. Agitating your skin may increase the likelihood of dark spots appearing once acne has cleared.

How can you help prevent dark spots?

There are a number of preventative measures you can take to minimise the risk of dark spots developing:

  • To protect your skin against damaging UV rays, apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen everyday, even when it’s cloudy. While an immediate effect may not be obvious, this preventative measure will not only help to reduce the formation of fine lines and wrinkles, but also the appearance of dark spots over time.
  • The longer acne or pimples persist, the greater the risk of dark spots forming, mainly due to the irritation this causes skin. This can be made worse by the severity and longevity of your breakouts. Using a spot treatment that contains salicylic acid can help reduce your breakouts, ensuring that your skin stays bright and clear. Using treatments that contain salicylic acid or vitamin C can work to diminish dark spots and significantly reduce visibility.

How do you treat dark spots and discolourations?

a

Using sun protection is a key step in preventing new dark spots from appearing, while also ensuring existing spots don’t become darker. Reducing the visibility of existing spots can be sped up with the use of specifically designed brightening skincare products. These products can be incorporated into skincare routines and work to brighten skin tone, lessening the severity of existing hyperpigmentation. Additionally, it is recommended to avoid excess exfoliation, as this may irritate the skin causing more dark spots to appear.

What are the best skincare ingredients to help fade dark spots and discolourations?

There are various ingredients that are known for improving skin discolouration to look out for when on the hunt for pigmentation-brightening products.

Activated C, a derivative of vitamin C, helps to decrease the skin’s melanin production, as well as prevent the formulation of new melanin clusters and slow down the transfer to the skin’s surface. 3 This helps minimise the chance of visible discolourations forming, while keeping existing marks at bay. Activated C penetrates and stays in the skin longer than regular vitamin C, making it the perfect ingredient for treating dark spots. This effective ingredient can be found within the Kiehl’s Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot Solution to aid in skin clarification and treatment against dark spots and discolouration.

Other ingredients to look out for in brightening skincare products include white birch extract, peony extract, and liquorice root extract - which all help to enhance clarity and luminosity in the skin.

What is the best skincare routine for dark spots?

To fight uneven skin tone, follow a skincare routine specifically tailored to achieve a bright, blemish-free complexion.

  • Start your routine by using a gentle exfoliating face wash like the Brightening & Exfoliating Daily Cleanser from the Clearly Corrective range. Enriched with white birch and peony extract, it works to remove impurities and brighten skin tone.
  • After cleansing, lightly pat a soothing water such as the Brightening & Soothing Treatment Water from the Clearly Corrective collection, onto skin. This product will work to refine skin texture and dullness for enhanced clarity, while also offering a boost of hydration for a healthy-looking glow.
  • Treat any existing dark spots you may have with a concentrated serum like the Clearly Corrective Dark Spot Solution, or a Clarity Booster Mask to really target the intensity of your dark spots, boosting an even skin tone.
  • Next, gently massage a hydrating and brightening moisturiser into skin. Opt for the Brightening & Smoothing Moisture Treatment from the Kiehl’s Clearly Corrective range for a formula that offers 24h hydration, as well as visibly reduced discolouration.
  • Finally, finish your routine with remembering to always apply sunscreen to help prevent new dark spots from forming. The Ultra Light Daily UV Defense CC Cream is suitable for all skin types and offers an effective quick-absorbing and non-comedogenic formula.

Best Kiehl’s Products for Dark Spots

Designed to fight dark spots and encourage optimal skin clarity, Kiehl’s Dermatologist Solutions™ Clearly Corrective™ collection will help visibly brighten skin and target dark spots.

Eliminate hyperpigmentation with a Dark Spot Corrector Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot Solution.

To proactively combat dark spots and discolourations, a targeted serum is essential. Formulated with known brightening ingredients like activated C, white birch extract, and peony extract, the Kiehl’s serum for dark spots is scientifically proven* to reduce the appearance of sunspots, improve clarity, even skin tone, and reduce the appearance of post-acne marks. For best results, the Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot Solution can be used morning and evening.

*Based on a 12-week scientific study of 17 women with all skin types presented with mild to moderate severity of attributes, including post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Target Skin Discolourations with a Face Mask for Dark Spots Clearly Corrective™ Clarity Booster Hydration Mask

The Clearly Corrective™ Clarity Booster Hydration Mask has been formulated with equivalent concentrations of key brightening ingredients used within the Clearly Corrective™ Dark Spot Solution.

After only 15 minutes, skin clarity is boosted, with dark spots and discolourations visibly reduced with prolonged use.

Treat dark spots with Kiehl’s Dermatologist Solutions™ Clearly Corrective™ collection, designed to brighten skin and visibly target discolouration. Shop the full range today.

SOURCES
  1. “How to fade dark spots in skin of color.” American Academy of Dermatology Association. https://www.aad.org/public/skin-hair-nails/skin-care/skin-of-color.
  2. Vashi, N.A. and R.V. Kundu. “Facial hyperpigmentation: causes and treatment.” British Journal of Dermatology. (2013).
  3. Hollinger, Jasmine C., MD, Angra, Kunal, MD, and Rebat M. Halter, MD. “Are Natural Ingredients Effective in the Management of Hyperpigmentation? A Systematic Review.” The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology. (2018): 11(2): 28-37.